A biography of gaius caesar augustus germanicus caligula a roman emperor

He was then tossed into a shallow grave — before his wife and daughter were treated to the same fate. Sadly, the most famous story about the emperor, that he tried to make his horse Incitatus a consul, is considered definitely untrue.

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Brussels, In Roman political culture, insanity and sexual perversity were often presented hand-in-hand with poor government. The literary sources for these four years are meager, frequently anecdotal, and universally hostile.

Tiberius struck back.

Roman empire caligula the mad emperor netflix

For the elite, this situation proved intolerable and ensured the blackening of Caligula's name in the historical record they would dictate. After this he restored treason trials, showed great cruelty, and engaged in wild despotic caprice; e. Such a move would have left both the Senate and the Praetorian Guard powerless to stop Caligula's repression and debauchery. Military campaigns: Tac. For More Information Balsdon, J. He went out of his way to humiliate the senate Suetonius says that he intended to make his horse consul , and encouraged treason trials for his own financial benefit. After his accession, Caligula squandered the vast sums Tiberius had accumulated in the state treasury , executed rivals and supporters alike, made pretensions to divinity, and erected statues of himself. His actions suggest that he needed military glory such as Augustus and Tiberius had enjoyed, but did not want the bother or the expense of a war.

Augustus died in ad 14 and Tiberius succeeded him. He murdered, among others, Tiberius Gemellus, humiliated the Senate, and spent money recklessly.

He may have fooled around with his favorite sister Drusilla as a teenager, but even that is debatable.

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She hated Tiberius and in ad 29 was banished to an island between Italy and Sardinia, where she died in ad Balsdon, J. All of these sources have reason to be hostile to Gaius's memory: Seneca's style was roundly abused by the emperor Suet. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. AD Agrippina was banished by Caligula for her connection to Marcus Lepidus , who conspired against him. He was Cassius Dio's work is invaluable because it alone gives a loose chronology of Caligula's reign. On January 24 of 41 A. He then kills her and eats the fetus.

How did Caligula die? But by the spring of 38 C.

Why was caligula a bad emperor

He died a month later, and rumors swirled that Caligula had smothered him. Tiberius struck back. After his accession, Caligula squandered the vast sums Tiberius had accumulated in the state treasury , executed rivals and supporters alike, made pretensions to divinity, and erected statues of himself. London: Thames and Hudson, Aiding him in his actions was his good friend, Herod Agrippa , who became governor of the territories of Batanaea and Trachonitis after Caligula became emperor in Caligula was very popular at first, but he came down to history as a viciously cruel and depraved megalomaniac. New Haven, Caligula is stabbed to death. This, coupled with his troubled upbringing and almost complete lack of tact led to behavior that struck his contemporaries as extreme, even insane. AJ Ferrill, A. Caligula also recalled political exiles, or people who had been forced to leave Rome during the reigns of previous emperors.
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Birth of the Emperor Caligula