In sum, describing Duterte as a populist provides a convenient but not entirely accurate label to characterize a complex, somewhat contradictory politician with a disparate policy agenda.
In How Democracies Die, Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt underscore the important role that political parties historically have played in containing extremist demagogues.
In his campaign, he ran as a Manila outsider, and portrayed the members of the elite associated with the Aquino government as incompetent and corrupt. If he had been able to run, it might have been a very different outcome. Still, even the most positive views of democracy in the Philippines since see it as a flawed work in progress; harsher critics see it as a sham and a failure.
Some of these impacts include increased frequency and severity of natural disasters, sea level riseextreme rainfall, global warmingresource shortages, and environmental degradation.
Had Mar Roxas and Senator Grace Poe, the two most like-minded candidates, joined forces, they might have been able to defeat Duterte. Ocean acidification has dire consequences as it causes coral bleaching and ultimately leads to the collapse of coral reefs usaid.
From a broader point of view, architecture is also practiced on the macro level- meaning urban planning and landscape architecture which in the Philippines, is becoming more and more obvious in the new developments sprouting up.
Duterte and Mindanao. By the late s, the importation primarily from Chinalocal production, and use of methamphetamine hydrochloride known as shabu in the Philippines was a major issue for law enforcement and the courts.
Some of this corruption stems from individual greed, but it also is the product of low salaries, the complicity of politicians, and the multifaceted shortcomings of the justice system.
He has courted rank-and-file soldiers and police, visiting many military bases and raising salaries. Duterte has appointed numerous former officers to senior civilian positions in his government.