Loftus experiment

elizabeth loftus misinformation effect

The method involves attempting to implant a false memory of being lost in a shopping mall as a child and testing whether discussing a false event could produce a "memory" of an event that never happened.

Estimating vehicle speed is something people are generally poor at and so they may be more open to suggestion. Any film clips and questions asked can be easily used again for different groups.

Procedure: The student participants saw videos of traffic accidents and had to answer questions about the accident. Read the original article of the study. She received her MA in and Ph. When these two pieces of information are integrated, the participant has a memory of an accident that was more severe than in fact it was.

Limitations of the method The experiment was not typical of real life situations.

Loftus experiment

In a second experiment, Loftus and Palmer used a different sample of American students, who were divided into three even groups. This cannot be ruled out. Thus, they aimed to show that leading questions could distort eyewitness testimony accounts and so have a confabulating effect, as the account would become distorted by cues provided in the question.

Conduct your own study repeating one of the experiments by Loftus and Palmer. Aims: To test the hypothesis that the language used in eyewitness testimony can alter memory.

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Loftus and Palmer