Parallelism and antithesis
James liked fast food, while Mary liked conventional food. All the misery the world contains has come through wanting pleasure for oneself.
No parallelism: Their son loved chess, video games, and to play soccer. Saadi The negative-positive antithesis and the chiasmus-antithesis can be combined, as in the following sentence: Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country. Here are some examples of antithesis from famous speeches: Oxymoron In an oxymorontwo seemingly contradictory words are placed together because their unlikely combination reveals a deeper truth. You can use these antithesis worksheets in the classroom with students, or with home schooled children as well. Abraham Lincoln employed epistrophe when he declared in his Gettysburg Address that the Union was fighting to defend a government "of the people, by the people, for the people. The first two instances of parallelism are simple repetitions of grammatical elements—first the repetition of a verb phrase, and then a series of adjectives. That was all left for next year. Martin Luther King, Jr. Neil Armstrong I would rather be ashes than dust! Antithesis is the use of contrasting concepts, words, or sentences within parallel grammatical structures. Juxtaposition also does not require sentence parallelism or balanced grammatical structure. Antithetic parallelism is not to be confused with 'synonymous' or 'synthetic' parallelism , which reflect repeated and expansive ideas respectively. Speech is silver, but silence is gold. Antithesis is a kind of parallelism in which two opposite ideas are put together in parallel structures. Many of his sonnets and plays include examples of antithesis.
For example, "love is the antithesis of selfishness. Samuel Johnson Folks who have no vices have very few virtues. This famous expression by Muhammad Ali displays two contrasting animal actions: a silent floating butterfly and an aggressive sting bee. I would rather be a superb meteor, every atom of me in magnificent glow, than a sleepy and permanent planet.
Abraham LincolnThe Gettysburg Address The first two instances of parallelism are simple repetitions of grammatical elements—first the repetition of a verb phrase, and then a series of adjectives.
Saadi The negative-positive antithesis and the chiasmus-antithesis can be combined, as in the following sentence: Ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country. To elaborate on an idea. Although both are used to convey contrasts of ideas, they have a distinction: antithesis is structured with parallelism in mind, whereas irony implies contradictions between appearance and reality through tone or choice of words.
He has left the village and mounted the steep And beneath him, tranquil and broad and deep, Is the Mystic, meeting the ocean tides; And under the alders, that skirt its edge, Now soft on the sand, now loud on the ledge, Is heard the tramp of his steed as he rides.
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