Political speech and writing are largely the defense of the indefensible

By this morning's post I have received a pamphlet dealing with conditions in Germany. In 5words and meaning have almost parted company.

politics and the english language quotes

Here it is in modern English: Objective considerations of contemporary phenomena compel the conclusion that success or failure in competitive activities exhibits no tendency to be commensurate with innate capacity, but that a considerable element of the unpredictable must invariably be taken into account.

Orwell runs to a little over 20 percent in 'Politics and the English Language'.

politics and the english language summary

Never use the passive where you can use the active. The first is staleness of imagery; the other is lack of precision. People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: this is called elimination of unreliable elements.

Examples that Orwell gave included "ring the changes", "Achilles' heel", "swan song", and "hotbed".

Critical analysis of the essay politics and english language

The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image. Communist pamphlet 5. Summary[ edit ] Orwell relates what he believes to be a close association between bad prose and oppressive ideology: In our time, political speech and writing are largely the defence of the indefensible. Clearly he found the construction useful in spite of his advice to avoid it as much as possible". I should expect to find — this is a guess which I have not sufficient knowledge to verify — that the German, Russian and Italian languages have all deteriorated in the last ten or fifteen years, as a result of dictatorship. Orwell noted the deliberate use of misleading language to hide unpleasant political and military facts and also identified a laxity of language among those he identified as pro-Soviet. The number of casualties in Iraq between these dates is ,, only 39, of them combatants. Adjectives like epoch-making, epic, historic, unforgettable, triumphant, age-old, inevitable, inexorable, veritable, are used to dignify the sordid process of international politics, while writing that aims at glorifying war usually takes on an archaic colour, its characteristic words being: realm, throne, chariot, mailed fist, trident, sword, shield, buckler, banner, jackboot, clarion.

But on the other side, the social bond itself is nothing but the mutual reflection of these self-secure integrities.

But Orwell is rightly tempered my enthusiasm. Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties.

I have not here been considering the literary use of language, but merely language as an instrument for expressing and not for concealing or preventing thought.

largely the defence of the indefensible meaning

I do not want to exaggerate. He described such phrases as "dying metaphors" and argued that they were used without knowing what was truly being said.

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Quote by George Orwell: “In our time, political speech and writing are l”