At this time, LDVT started to measure displacement under decompressionas schematically shown in Fig. Expensive to produce electron beam. The electrons that pass through the specimen are detected on a fluorescent screen on which the image is displayed. For the second approach Fig.
Electron Microscopy This uses a beam of electrons, rather than electromagnetic radiation, to "illuminate" the specimen. Other problems are that the specimens can be damaged by the electron beam and they must be stained with an electron-dense chemical usually heavy metals like osmium, lead or gold.
A measuring jug, syringe and soft drink bottle were used to measure Dexpan power and water to the suggested ratio 3.
The weight difference of samples prior to and after drying was used to find the water content. Place the stage micrometer onto the microscope stage and focus using the low-power objective lens so that the graticule scale becomes superimposed over the stage micrometer scale.
Prior to testing, spectrum plasticine was used to seal the broken edges of holes and bottom of holes to prevent the chemical splitter from leaking. Look along the scale until another coincident point is found.
LVDT measured essentially zero displacement until at the time when sample failed. Write the dimension on your drawing next to the line. This is a glass or plastic disc with 8 divisions etched onto its surface, which is inserted into the eyepiece lens.
This has poorer resolution, but gives excellent 3-dimentional images of surfaces.