Rev of 1800
Those very traits made him all the more likely, though, to cooperate with them in maintaining a strong national government. Both sides went into the House vote on February 11 with high hopes. This may be true in a restrained sense of the word, since the change from Federalist leadership to Republican was entirely legal and bloodless.
A period at which rapid growth and fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, and transportation.
If no one received votes from a majority of the electors, or if the election ended in a tie, the House of Representatives would choose the president from the leading candidates. When Washington announced that he would not seek a third term, Adams was widely recognized by the Federalists as next-in-line.
The Federalists lost control of both the presidency and the Congress. But after several days of balloting, the outcome was still unresolved.
The opportunity for defeated Federalists to prevent Jefferson from gaining the presidency by voting for Burr, or at the very least to extract concessions from the Republicans in return for voting for Jefferson, was too hard to resist. How decisive and unanimous it is! Ultimately, no Federalists switched sides to vote for Jefferson. Further, the Constitution clearly authorized Congress to make laws designating which officer would lead the nation in the absence of both a president and vice president. The Federalists saw a strong central government led by a powerful president as vital for a prosperous, secure nation. The Democratic-Republicans felt that the Adams foreign policy was too favorable toward Britain; feared that the new army called up for the Quasi-War would oppress the people; opposed new taxes to pay for war; and attacked the Alien and Sedition Acts as violations of states' rights and the Constitution. Federalist legislators did the same in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. By the third week of December, a pattern of highly disciplined party-line voting had become quite clear. Because each state could choose its own election day in , voting lasted from April to October.
Nevertheless, the changes were profound. Yet at the moment of triumph, a fresh crisis emerged.
Indeed, the election resulted in Federalist John Adams as president and Republican Thomas Jefferson as vice president. Recognizing, as Jefferson put it, "the certainty that a legislative usurpation would be resisted by arms," the Federalists backed down.
Because of the delays in communication, however, the election remained in doubt to the very end.
Virtually all Federalists in Congress regarded Burr as grasping, selfish and unprincipled. Never short on self-confidence, Burr reportedly believed that he could win the presidency. Some worried that Jefferson, the great admirer of the French, would set up a guillotine on Capitol Hill. By the third week of December, a pattern of highly disciplined party-line voting had become quite clear. To Jefferson, however, he professed his loyalty. Their Constitution had created a strong federal government, which took power away from state legislatures they judged too responsive to calls for debt relief, paper money, and lower taxes. Finally, on February 17, on the thirty-sixth ballot, the opposition cracked and Jefferson was elected, ending "the fruitless contest" that had "agitated the public mind" and nearly plunged the nation into conflict. By December 19, Jefferson knew the final tally. The revolution was also a test: could the young nation of America shift power peacefully, as the founding father 's had intended? Under Washington and Adams , the Federalists had established a strong government. For example, in they enacted a tax on houses, land and slaves, affecting every property owner in the country. In the s Americans grew more energetic in pursuit of money, more heterodox in religion, more noisy in politics, and less deferential to gentlemen.
based on 25 review